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古代辽宁



前言

Foreword


       天辽地宁,地处中国东北的辽宁是一片写满传奇的土地。这里既是中华文明的发祥地之一,也是多民族文化的交汇地带,历史悠久,内涵丰富,在中华统一多民族国家的形成和发展中有着独特的地位和作用。距今28万年前,人类开始在辽宁大地繁衍生息,逐渐从蒙昧迈入文明。距今五千年前,红山先民创造的文化预示着辽河流域文明的曙光,青铜时代的方国文明,奠定了华夏民族统一的基础。秦汉以来,匈奴、鲜卑、高句丽、契丹、女真等族此消彼长,先后建国,在与汉文化的碰撞交汇中走向融合,创造出丰富的历史与多彩的文化。本展览旨在以丰富的文物资料,为广大观众展示古代辽宁源远流长的历史与博大精深的地域文化。


Liaoning,situated in northeastern China, enjoys a superb location, abundant material wealth, a long history and a splendid culture. This area is rich in history, myth and legend, and is considered one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization. Many different peoples have mixed and mingled here, so it has also played an important role in the formation and development of China as a nation that unites different ethnic groups. 280,000 years ago, our ancestors began to flourish in Liaoning then gradually emerged from obscurity into civilization. 5,000 years ago, the early culture of the Hongshan people ushered in the brilliance of the Liao River valley civilization. The frequent migration of various regional states and civilizations during Bronze Age laid the groundwork for a unified, multi-ethnic nation. A variety of ethnic groups have successively flourished here since the Qin and Han periods, including the Huns, the Xianbei, the Koguryo, the Khitan, the Jurchen, the Mongols and the Manchu. Their encounters and exchanges with Han culture achieved an ethnic blending that created a rich history and brilliant culture. This exhibit aims to showcase Liaoning’s deep-rooted history and cultural greatness, as well as the fortitude and perseverance of its people.

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